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Headquarters: London, England



"Saving the World. One B.O.W. At A Time."

The BSAA (Bioterrorism Security Assessment Alliance) was a public multinational anti-bioterrorism organization formed to investigate, prevent and combat bioterrorism. It was primarily funded by the Pharmaceutical Industry Association with its most significant corporate sponsor having been TRICELL. It held eight branches worldwide under the jurisdiction of the United Nations as a special operations unit with agents, soldiers, researchers, contractors and advisers in various fields. 1 2


Precursor (1998-2003)

The main organization used as the foundation of the BSAA was a private anti-biohazard unit organized after the destruction of Raccoon City by former S.T.A.R.S. (Special Tactics and Rescue Service) officer Chris Redfield. Its mission was to strike down bioterrorism and suppress biohazard situations before the damage spread. Its members had learned of the dark side of the Umbrella Corporation and most were direct or indirect victims of its illegal experiments.

It was privately funded by investments from rival pharmaceutical companies of Umbrella and some of these companies used the unit to secretly obtain Umbrella's research results. Although not a public or governmental organization, it was comprised of several elite field groups and contingency specialists trained to carry out special operations with enough weapons and equipment to rival an army.

In February 2003, the Russian government received intelligence leaked by Albert Wesker indicating that the Umbrella Russia  branch was developing a new B.O.W. model and planning to arm unstable conflict regions around the world. The government deployed the anti-biohazard unit to raid the Caucasus Laboratory with Redfield and Valentine taking part. Although several members were killed during the raid, the survivors managed to secure the facility while Redfield and Valentine destroyed T-A.L.O.S.

After the destruction of Umbrella, the service was reconstituted as the BSAA (Bioterrorism Security Assessment Alliance).

Formation (2004)

In 2003, Umbrella was declared guilty of all charges related to the destruction of Raccoon City. However, its bankruptcy led to an unforeseen situation. Former employees and researchers began leaking its biological and chemical weapons onto black markets around the world, sparking a new age of bioterrorism with terrorists, dictators, rogue nations and unstable state governments rushing to acquire them.

The BSAA's first director was Clive R. O'Brian and only eleven people were initially recruited. These eleven founding members were referred to as the Original Eleven (after the Original Seven astronauts selected for Project Mercury). Initially the BSAA specialized in countermeasure strategies for dealing with biological disasters and agents of the organization could only act as observers and instructors to military and police units around the world which conducted anti-bioterrorism operations.

However, the world's bioterrorism problem became much bigger than anyone anticipated and so a new course of action was needed to handle the problem. To that end consideration was given to creating a team able to react instantly to threats, but the BSAA was still only a civilian NGO. Agents couldn't operate freely in sovereign nations and thus were unable to conduct investigations, make pertinent arrests, or even use force when the situation dictated it. It became clear that the threat of bioterrorism was now the entire world's problem, and something had to be done.

In the aftermath of the August 2004 incident involving the Plaga parasite, the BSAA was the only outside organization with access to the mission report of Leon S. Kennedy, a confidential document not to be viewed by anyone outside of the BSAA or the U.S. government.

Terragrigia Panic (2004)

In 2004, the Italian terrorist organization Il Veltro launched a bioterrorist attack on the Mediterranean floating city of Terragrigia using the new t-Abyss virus. At the behest of the European Union, the BSAA was called in to support the FBC (Federal Bioterrorism Commission) in resolving the incident, but only director O'Brian was allowed to participate. He objected to the FBC's decision to use the Regia SOLIS (Solar Integrated System), a solar satellite supplying power to the city, as a means to scorch the city and eradicate the virus, but he had no authority over the decision.

In 2005, O'Brian colluded with FBC agent Raymond Vester in orchestrating a false revival of Veltro to unravel the true actions of FBC Commissioner Morgan Lansdale during the Terragrigia Panic. Aware there was a mole in the BSAA reporting directly to Lansdale, several BSAA agents unknowingly took part in O'Brian's operation to expose the mole. During the mission, the BSAA's London headquarters was raided by the FBC and O'Brian was placed under arrest. However, due to the actions of Chris Redfield and Jill Valentine, video evidence showing Lansdale's collusion with Veltro leader Jack Norman was secured and he was immediately arrested by his own agents.

Reformation (2005)

After the 2005 arrest of Morgan Lansdale, director O'Brian took responsibility for his actions in the incident and stepped down from his post to become an author and adviser to the BSAA. The FBC was dissolved and its former agents and resources were integrated into the BSAA.

It was formally reformed by the United Nations as a U.N.-controlled special operations unit, making it a public organization and ensuring the acceptance of member states. However, only 70% of the member states allowed the BSAA to operate on their soil while the remainder only allowed the BSAA to do so on a conditional basis. This incarnation of the BSAA was established with these in mind and units were kept at numerous locations throughout the globe.

One major sponsor of the BSAA was TRICELL, the largest pharmaceutical company in the world after Umbrella's bankruptcy and its purchase of the WilPharma Corporation. It was also a trustee and contributor at the time of the BSAA's initial formation. The company was extremely influential in putting pressure on BSAA Headquarters if any incidents arose which weren't in TRICELL's interest. The nature of its funding was publicly well-known and despite its private sponsors, the BSAA remained a public organization with international staff.

While this relationship was the target of much criticism, the federation's funding removed the financial burden from participatory nations and as such removed any motivation to change the situation and incur unwanted expenses. As for the federation, their sponsorship acted as a much needed industry-wide public relations service after the damage to its public image caused by Umbrella. This partnership was beneficial to all parties involved.

Spencer Estate Inrush Operation (2006)

In 2006, the BSAA's European headquarters discovered the location of Oswell E. Spencer, the former CEO of the Umbrella Corporation, and deployed two agents to raid the European mansion where he was living in hiding. Chris Redfield and Jill Valentine were dispatched to arrest him, but they instead found him killed by Albert Wesker. In the ensuing fight, Jill sacrificed herself to save Chris by plunging herself and Wesker out of a window and over a cliff. The BSAA initiated a full-scale search for Jill's body and personal effects, but nothing could be found. On November 23, Jill was officially declared dead and a memorial gravestone without her body was made.

Kijuju Incident (2009)

In 2009, public reports began to circulate about the emergence of the Plaga parasite in the small nation of Kijuju, West Africa. The BSAA deployed infiltration agent Reynard Fisher to blend in with the populace and gather information.

The involvement of bioweapons trader Ricardo Irving was discovered and the BSAA West Africa Branch mobilized to arrest him. At the same time, agent Chris Redfield of the North America branch obtained information that connected Irving to the whereabouts of Jill Valentine, and requested to participate in the operation. He was partnered with West Africa agent Sheva Alomar and deployed to Kijuju.

During the incident, Reynard Fisher, SOU Alpha Team and the backup Delta Team were killed in action except for Delta Team's captain Josh Stone, and the existence of a new B.O.W. Uroboros was witnessed. The surviving agents discovered the doomsday Uroboros Project and the involvement of TRICELL in biological weapons sale and manufacture, as well as the company's collusion with bioterrorist Albert Wesker and the kidnapping of Jill Valentine and thousands of people all over the world. The incident was resolved through the actions of Redfield, Alomar, Valentine and Stone in the death of Wesker.

Philosophy University Incident (2010)

On August 8, 2012, a Zombie outbreak occurred on the campus of Philosophy University, a college in Philosophy City, Western Australia. Due to a call from BSAA adviser Rebecca Chambers, the BSAA North America Branch SOU Alpha Team Captain Chris Redfield and new recruit Piers Nivans traveled to the area in order to assist Oceania Branch SOA Sophy Home in investigating the incident. Redfield and Chambers were instrumental in ending the incident by destroying the mutant Mary Gray.

Susheshtvovanje Island Incident (2011)

In 2011, BSAA combat consultant Barry Burton searched for his missing daughter Moira Burton after she was abducted along with several other TerraSave members by a mysterious woman calling herself "The Overseer." He used forceful means to obtain information from BSAA Headquarters on a partial distress call originating from an isolated island close to a BSAA base. While Burton went alone to Susheshtvovanje Island in the Baltic Sea, the BSAA European Branch organized a rescue operation. A joint investigation of the island with TerraSave confirmed the identity of the mysterious "Overseer" to be Alex Wesker.

Marhawa School Incident (2012)

In 2012, university professor and BSAA adviser Doug Wright investigated the sudden appearance of a Zombie at Marhawa School, the most prestigious school in Asia. Wright's sudden disappearance led agents Chris Redfield, Piers Nivans and Merah Biji to search for him, leading them to the isolated island where Marhawa School was situated. The three agents arrived in the middle of the first known outbreak of the C-virus.

Edonia Republic Incident (Dec. 2012)

In December 2012, the European and North American branches of the BSAA were mobilized for an operation in the war-torn Eastern European nation of the Edonia Republic due to the use of new biological weapons in the civil war engulfing the country, including the human-based J'avo.

During the incident, SOU Alpha Team led by Chris Redfield discovered the involvement of a bioterrorist organization Neo Umbrella but were led into a trap by its leader, Carla Radames. In the chaos, all members of Alpha Team were killed except for Redfield and Nivans. While recovering in a local hospital, Redfield disappeared while suffering from amnesia, and the BSAA began an extensive search over the next half a year.

Lanshiang Incident (2013)

In June 2013, another bioterrorism incident utilizing the J'avo occured in the city of Lanshiang, China. Due to the scale of the attack, the North America branch was called in to assist the Far East branch.

In the middle of the incident, the North America branch's SOU Alpha Team located Chris Redfield and brought him back into action, where he regained his memory and began a pursuit of Ada Wong, whom he believed to be Neo Umbrella's leader as a result of its true leader Radames being a physical clone.

Through the actions of Redfield and Nivans, a global biological disaster was prevented with the destruction of Neo Umbrella's ultimate B.O.W. Haos. However, Nivans was killed in action and his sacrifice reaffirmed Redfield's commitment to the BSAA.

Sonido de Tortuga Island Incident (2014)

In 2014, Chris Redfield was contacted by his sister Claire Redfield and informed about a biohazard outbreak on Sonido de Tortuga Island in the Caribbean and the island's history as a research site of former Umbrella CEO Oswell E. Spencer. Although Redfield's team was on a mission in the Mojave Desert at the time, he contacted the South America branch's Parker Luciani and requested a team to be sent to investigate. A battle with two B.O.W.'s left Luciani as the only survivor. A second team rescued several survivors.

Organizational Structure

Since BSAA teams were meant to be able to be deployed within 12 hours, every headquarters of each branch was located near air force bases or airport hubs. The BSAA Headquarters was located in London, England at an undisclosed location, with no further details released to the public. The jurisdictions of the branches established worldwide are listed below:

  • European Headquarters: Europe and Western Russia
  • Middle East Branch: The Middle East and part of Africa
  • North American Branch: The entire North American continent
  • South American Branch: The entire South American continent
  • West African Branch: The western part of the African continent
  • East African Branch: The eastern part of the African continent
  • Far East Branch: Eastern Russia and the countries east of India
  • Oceanian Branch: Australia is the center of operations for Oceania
    (Antarctica, where the Umbrella Antarctic Base was located, falls under the jurisdiction of the Oceanian Branch.)

Bioterrorism Assessment Committee

The BSAA was managed by the Bioterrorism Assessment Committee established within the European headquarters. The committee was the organization's decision-making body which assessed intelligence on potential biological and bioterrorist threats and gave directives to each of the eight worldwide branches. It was significantly influenced by its corporate investors.

Units & Offices

Most BSAA members were selected from the best the world had to offer, with many members being former members of other military units. The organization's support staff was also quite large and came primarily from government organizations in numerous different countries. These support staff provided technical, tactical, medical and mental support to field operatives. A comparatively small number of individuals received initial training in the BSAA.

Special Operations Unit

BSAA deployment teams were maintained in two separate groups, the first being the Special Operations Unit (SOU), which were sanctioned to infiltrate areas, engage in direct combat and subdue any offenders. The SOU teams were normally comprised of twelve members divided into three separate four-man cells.

The SOU's special feature lay in personnel flexibility depending on the operation. Members from different units and cells could be brought in to assist in operations too big or difficult for a single SOU team to handle. In cases where unknown B.O.W.'s were involved, the efficacy of the tactical team's methods for handling them could be low and consideration had to be taken to the strong points that raised their efficacy. In bioterrorism cases where it became impossible for either the SOU or SOA to complete their missions, the BSAA resorted to evacuation and carpet-bombing of the affected area.

Air Support Platoon

The Air Support Platoon was tasked with providing air support for ground forces during missions as well as being in charge of a direct transmission from ground forces to headquarters.

Special Operations Agents

The second group were the Special Operations Agents (SOA) that performed investigation and espionage activities, or when a full team could not penetrate a certain area. They were considered the eyes and ears of the organization. Generally referred to simply as "agents", they normally worked alone. In some cases however, a two-man cell would be used.

Members of the SOA were typically higher ranked and more skilled than SOU members, but only in terms of psychological state and situation handling aptitude. In actual skills and abilities, they were likely to be outmatched by SOU members. Sometimes agents were forced go beyond the jurisdiction of a BSAA branch to carry out their missions. Many of them were dispatched to areas with unlawful activities.

Infiltration Agents

These agents were responsible for penetrating a designated area and quickly blending in with the local population in order to obtain first-hand intelligence in response to concerns over a possible threat. The information they supplied was then passed onto the Intelligence Analysis Office and then taken into consideration by the Operation Planning Office if a threat was deemed high.

Special Operations Contractor Team

A specialized team with Level 3 security clearance hired from external agencies to assist in operations. Members of this team could use weapons, ammunition, supplies and equipment from any of the eight BSAA branches without condition, under the stipulation that members follow conduct outlined by the Bioterrorism Assessment Committee.

Technology Research Office

The BSAA's technical office was responsible for developing, repairing and researching new technological devices, as well as providing IT support and managing the organization's data. The office also conducted virus and B.O.W. research as a means to formulate countermeasures and obtain information pertinent to bioterrorism cases.

Intelligence Analysis Office

This office was responsible for analyzing intelligence gathered in the field or through outside sources to determine a potential bioterror threat with the information then relayed to the Operation Planning Office or straight to the SOU or SOA.

Communications Section

This section of the analysis office was focused on liasing with the media, journalists etc on the organization's operations. 3

Operation Planning Office

This office was tasked with planning counter-bioterror operations and worked closely in conjunction with the Intelligence Analysis Office. They determined everything about an operation such as entry and exit routes, backup, support and so on.


  1. 1. No. 02 BSAA
  2. 2. BIOHAZARD archives II (Page 231-233)
  3. 3. Famitsu BIOHAZARD 5 Blog