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Company Information

Founded: 1968
Founders: Oswell E. Spencer
Edward Ashford
James Marcus
Headquarters: Germany
Key people: Joel Allman
Akitaka Igarashi
Charles Coleman
Industry: Pharmaceuticals
Medical equipment

Umbrella Corporation

"Protecting the health of the people."

The Umbrella Corporation was a giant multinational and multidiscipline concern based in Germany that boasted global-scale shares. It was comprised of several subsidiary and affiliate companies united under the parent company, Umbrella Pharmaceuticals, the world's largest pharmaceutical company for several decades.

The parent company was founded in 1968 by virologists Oswell E. Spencer, James Marcus and Edward Ashford and quickly arose as the world's top pharmaceutical company with a specialization in viral treatments. It was an executive board member of the Federation of Pharmaceutical Companies and its distribution routes extended to pharmacies and convenience stores as a household name. However, its true nature was a merchant of death active in the development and sale of biological and chemical weapons on the black market to any company or nation that could afford them.

Umbrella's swift and considerable success was made possible by the Progenitor virus, an ancient retrovirus. This virus laid the foundation of advanced viral treatment and pharmaceutical development alongside a black project to create a type of living biological weapon known as "B.O.W. (Bio Organic Weapons)" to monopolize the military industry. The political power of these weapons gained the company extensive influence in the governments and militaries of several developed nations including the United States and France, while its unique and top-secret venture as an arms trader and weapons contractor of such black products presented the company with enough wealth to rival a small country.

The company created the weaponized t-virus based on the Progenitor virus and covertly conducted illegal and inhumane research and development to create increasingly stronger virus strains and B.O.W. models, producing many failures. Despite directly and indirectly causing several biohazard incidents; military and police forces worldwide couldn't conduct criminal investigations against the company due to its deep collusion with international politicians and VIPs. However, the company began to unravel in 1998 following a succession of incidents culminating in the destruction of Raccoon City and a sharp drop in the company's stock prices after several lawsuits, damaging rumors, chronic deficit and a business suspension order issued by the U.S. government.

Umbrella refused to abandon weapons development and continued clandestine operations through dummy companies and branches outside the U.S. until 2003 when it was declared guilty of all charges by the U.S. Supreme Court for its responsibility in the Raccoon City incident. The company's last remaining subsidiary formally dissolved in 2004. However, remnants of Umbrella and its illicit legacy lived on in the form of an age of bioterrorism caused by the leak of its researchers and biological weapons onto black markets around the world, with other organizations inheriting and continuing this legacy for their own purposes.

The Umbrella logo was based on the Spencer family coat of arms and consisted of an octagon divided into twelve segments, six red and six white. The ostensible meaning behind the company name and logo was that of protecting those beneath the umbrella, but the true implication was one of control. 1


Genesis (1966-1967)

On December 4, 1966, British aristocrat Oswell E. Spencer and his friends, fellow aristocrat Edward Ashford and biochemist James Marcus, discovered an ancient retrovirus within a rare flower species in Kijuju, West Africa after a three month expedition.

The flower grew only in a section of an isolated underground cave system known as the "Sun Garden", itself a segment of a massive underground city that was formerly the center of the indigenous Ndipaya tribe's kingdom. Marcus named the flower and the virus "Progenitor." 2 Although investigation showed the virus could easily rewrite genes, modern humans exposed to it would die unable to bear the intense and rapid mutations. Its discoverers devoted themselves to studying it in order to realize immortality and make themselves evolved humans, but reached a lack of funds.

On March 23, 1967, Spencer presented the idea of establishing a company to Ashford and Marcus as a means to capitalize on the Progenitor virus by exploiting its ground-breaking properties for profit that could be funneled to advance their research into attaining immortality. Ostensibly the founders claimed to hold a conviction that virus research would deeply influence the enhancement of health for people around the world, and they sought to serve this purpose to enrich lives and build a brighter society. 3

The three discoverers pooled their wealth and knowledge alongside several business partners, including the heads of the noble Beardsley and Henry families. The elite group shared a doctrine of racial supremacy divided not by ethnicity or skin color, but by superior genes. This doctrine led to research and development using the Progenitor virus to create a new dominant humanity surpassing Homo sapiens, a possibility first noticed by Spencer in material regarding the Ndipaya tribe's kings which led to the virus' discovery. However, there was an inherent problem with this prospect as the virus had lost compatibility with modern humans and merely killed indiscriminately.

On November 17, researchers in Spencer's employ suggested utilizing the Progenitor virus' mutagenic capabilities to develop living biological weapons known as B.O.W. (Bio Organic Weapons) with high commercial viability that could reshape the very concept of war and monopolize the military industry. They considered controlling mutations using a weakened Progenitor virus, then selling mass-produced mutants created via cloning. However, the research was only at a fundamental stage requiring more long-term study. Spencer accepted the proposal and decided to use Umbrella's profitability to fund this illegal research. 4 He proposed it to the other founders and Ashford devised the t-Virus Project, creating a weakened Progenitor virus not only for B.O.W. manufacture, but also to make the elites themselves dominant humans.

Foundation (1968)

In March 1968, Spencer and his partners established Umbrella Pharmaceuticals in Germany backed by their wealth, knowledge and backgrounds in several fields, ranging from business to medical and biochemistry fields such as virology and biology. The Beardsley family's accumulation of biochemical research and expertise in brain physiology and bacteria analysis studies followed by revolutionary work in genetic research and the creation of practical genetic engineering techniques quickly elevated the company. 5

Edward Ashford studied the Progenitor virus with his son, Alexander Ashford and laid the foundation of the t-Virus Project. However, his son lacked skill in virology and used his expertise in the field of genetic engineering to advance the confidential CODE:Veronica Project to create a genius human clone able to assist his father's virus research. In April, Marcus and his student Brandon Bailey ran out of the Progenitor virus and resolved to return to Africa to collect more. However, Spencer interrupted them with a suggestion of using hired soldiers to push the Ndipaya out of the ruins housing the virus. 6

In July, Edward Ashford died from Progenitor virus exposure in an accident orchestrated by Spencer. Alexander Ashford failed to make pogress in t-virus research and caused the Ashford family to decline. As a result, Spencer's power in the company increased.

On August 19, Umbrella soldiers successfully pushed the Ndipaya out of half the underground ruins in Africa, including the area containing the Sun Garden where the Progenitor flower grew. Spencer ordered construction of a laboratory at the site to facilitate research and culture of the Progenitor virus. However before Marcus and Bailey could return to Africa, Spencer asked that Marcus stay in America to become the first director of the Umbrella Executive Training Center. Marcus accepted the request and relocated to the training facility in exchange for being allowed and equipped to continue studying the Progenitor virus.

On September 15, Bailey arrived in Africa and began extracting the Progenitor virus and sending it to Marcus to assist his research. With the Ashford family's decline and Marcus' isolation to the training facility, Spencer gained complete control of Umbrella and prioritized the company's administration. As the company's success and wealth grew, it began buying out smaller companies to expand into other fields while establishing branches around the world. It formed the U.S.S. (Umbrella Security Service) private military unit to safeguard facilities and combat corporate terrorism and VIP abduction, as well as conduct covert missions such as assassination.

t-Virus Project (1969-1977)

On June 15, 1969, construction of the Umbrella Africa Laboratory was completed and Brandon Bailey was assigned as director and chief scientist. He requested an expansion of the facility to make it the forefront of Progenitor virus research, using its discoveries to aid Marcus' t-virus development. In November, Alexander Ashford finished construction of the Umbrella Antarctic Base and an underground laboratory in an abandoned Antarctic mine. 7

In 1971, the CODE:Veronica Project succeeded with the birth of twins. The male twin Alfred Ashford possessed higher intelligence than normal, but the female twin Alexia Ashford possessed the genius level of intelligence envisioned by Alexander, who raised them as his children despite not having his DNA. 8

Umbella built many facilities for virus research ostensibly disguised as pharmaceutical laboratories and clean recreation facilities. Passionate and extraordinary researchers were allotted to each to study commercialization of the Progenitor virus with illegal experiment activities using live creatures and humans as test subjects. The power structure of Umbrella placed heavy emphasis on results, with those producing the best products gaining more power and influence within the company's hierarchy. As a result, commercialization of stronger and more efficient products was a constant priority that bred much competition.

On September 19, 1977, the prospect of a commercialized Progenitor virus was finally in sight. Marcus administered the Progenitor virus to leeches during an adaptation test. The leeches showed signs of rapid mutation and gained intellect and an advanced mimicry ability as a result of the infection. Examination of these mutant leeches found a recombinant strain of the virus, having incorporated elements of leech DNA. 9 Over the next few months, Marcus continued adaptation tests with this improved strain but came to the conclusion that human testing was essential to perfecting it. 10

On January 13, 1978. Marcus completed the t-virus. However, it was stolen under Spencer's orders by executive candidates Albert Wesker and William Birkin. On July 29, Spencer ordered the executive training center shut down and transferred t-virus research to the Arklay Laboratory with Wesker and Birkin as chief scientists, but Marcus continued his own research in the abandoned training center. 11 That year, Umbrella purchased land on Gadiwall Island from the Beardsley family, installing electricity, building the island's only hospital and running a ferry to the mainland. A classy North European style wooden building housing a laboratory for t-virus research was also built, but an accidental leak occurred and transformed multiple islanders into Zombies. The islanders became aware of the existence of Zombies, but nobody wanted to believe it as Umbrella was a major benefactor to the island with insurmountable power.

After the 1970s, Umbrella exported the Progenitor flower under the name "Sonnentreppe." 12 In 1980, the nine-year old Alexia Ashford was assigned as chief scientist of the company laboratory in Germany, favoring her intelligence over her lineage. A year later, she graduated from a prestigious university at the top of her class and was offered a position as chief scientist of the Umbrella Antarctic Laboratory. While studying ants, she discovered remnants of an endogenous retrovirus in a queen ant's DNA and incorporated queen ant and plant DNA into the Progenitor virus, creating the t-Veronica virus. Meanwhile, Birkin became jealous of Ashford and proposed a project to create the first combat-focused B.O.W. Hunter. 13

In 1982, Alfred Ashford discovered the CODE:Veronica Project. The Ashford twins were disgusted by their father, and as an act of both revenge and believing he had no other use, they injected him with the t-Veronica prototype. After he failed to adapt to the virus and transformed into a dangerous mutant, the twins sealed him in beneath the Antarctic Base, and he was considered to have mysteriously disappeared. As a result, Alfred became the seventh head of the Ashford family. Alexia discovered that a fifteen year cryogenic state would allow the virus to adapt to the human body and decided to use herself and an identical girl Tanya as test subjects. 14 On December 27, 1983, they entered cryo-sleep. Alexia was officially declared dead due to accidental t-Veronica exposure and the virus was deemed lost. This news reinvigorated William Birkin and t-virus research at the Arklay Laboratory progressed once again.

In 1984, Umbrella Japan Co., Ltd was established in Tokyo, Japan as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Umbrella U.S.A. with the primary function of importing and distributing drugs manufactured in the U.S. In 1987, the Umbrella Japan Laboratory was constructed using Japan's specialization in biotechnology to advance unique research and product development. 15 In the late 80s, its Spanish subsidiary Paraguas Lines purchased three luxury cruise ships and remodeled them to incorporate secret laboratories for B.O.W. and virus research to be covertly conducted at sea. 16 Around the same time, the Africa Laboratory became able to extract the Progenitor virus from mass-produced Progenitor flowers. These samples were shipped to its laboratories and research facilities throughout the world, causing a significant expansion in virus research. 17

Umbrella furthered the business of other private companies through shares in their dealings and joint development of new products such as painkillers. However Umbrella used some of these relationships to tactfully adopt chemicals and technologies developed by other pharmaceutical companies into illicit weapons development, commissioning development to each company and devising it so that they wouldn't realize some of the development was for biological weapons. From the perspective of each pharmaceutical company, it would mean they had unknowingly participated in biological weapons development.

Intense rivalries burned between Umbrella's research divisions throughout the world. Although it was based in Europe, most research and development took place in the United States. The goal of Umbrella's founders was to make themselves immortal evolved humans, but this purpose was forgotten as the company adhered to the militaries of every nation and became a much more profit-orientated organization. However, some developers such as William Birkin and Alexia Ashford conducted research with its founding ideals in mind.

Consolidation (1988-1998)

In 1988, the t-Virus Project entered the third stage at the Arklay Laboratory. Spencer deemed Marcus' research unnecessary and ordered his assassination by Wesker and Birkin. Taking over Marcus' research, Birkin formulated the Tyrant Project based on Marcus' deduction that humans were the most suitable B.O.W. host. However, the project was delayed due to a lack of test subjects compatible with the t-virus variant that minimized brain damage. For the project to progress, an adaptable human was required to study in order to create a new variant able to allow more humans to become Tyrants.

The same year, the Umbrella Europe Sixth Laboratory in France announced the "Nemesis Project" to develop a genetically engineered parasitic B.O.W. able to enhance the capabilities of another B.O.W. However, the project was in a very early stage and all application experiments failed. Wesker persuaded Birkin to import the prototype parasite with Spencer's influence and administered it to test subject Lisa Trevor, though it vanished due to her immortality and regenerative ability. Further studies with Trevor revealed modified genes containing a reassortant strain of the t-virus named "G" by Birkin. 18

In 1991, Birkin formulated the G-Virus Project and presented it to Umbrella Headquarters for approval, attracting special attention from Spencer for its evolutionary potential. The project was approved but due to the insufficient facilities of the Arklay Laboratory, the company began constructing a secret research facility beneath Raccoon City as the base for G-virus research. Meanwhile, Birkin and his wife transferred to the secret laboratory of executive Christine Henry in France. In December, the Soviet Union collapsed and Umbrella began contracting its former soldiers, including Nikolai Zinoviev. Former Red Army colonel Sergei Vladimir approached Umbrella looking for work. He underwent a test to determine Tyrant host adaptability and was determined to be a positive host. He accepted a deal from Spencer to exchange ten clones of himself for an executive position, reinvigorating the Tyrant Project. The company poured its power and know-how into the project to achieve its flagship B.O.W.

The company's continued development of B.O.W. products was accompanied by many sacrifices since a developmental B.O.W. could become uncontrollable during field tests killing or wounding R&D team researchers, and accidents damaging precious experiment equipment were frequent. As a solution, Umbrella Headquarters formed the professional special operations unit U.B.C.S. (Umbrella Biohazard Countermeasure Service) to suppress out of control B.O.W.s and biohazards within the company and provide an after-sales service to its bioweapon customers. Sergei Vladimir's military experience was instrumental in this irregular military unit's formation. 19

Umbrella established branch offices and subsidiaries all over the globe, extending its business into other areas such as cosmetics, supplements, food and chemicals. 20 While its public image as a clean and internationally high-profile company grew in popularity, so did its secret business as a weapons contractor. Almost every industrialized nation in the world purchased biological and chemical weapons from Umbrella with the United States being its top customer. 21 Umbrella exclusively held the initiative with B.O.W. development and approached the goal of monopolizing the arms industry. However, a rival company emerged and sent industrial spies to obtain information on the t-virus.

The German electronics subsidiary Parasol enabled Umbrella to branch out into several fields of technology. It constructed thirteen sequential U.M.F. (Umbrella Mainframe) supercomputers to backup and store information between its various branches around the world, making the company's revival theoretically possible in the event of a catastrophe. 22 The defensive AI (artificial intelligence) RED QUEEN was developed to defend, manage and integrate all Umbrella networks with the ability to influence execution. It had security and defense and usually only monitored information at the base of the network like a deep psyche. In an emergency however, it surfaced with the capability to protect the system and data from physical and network attacks on Umbrella, and could eliminate hostiles if necessary with self-awareness. 23 A second AI WHITE QUEEN was also developed, but its functions were unknown.

In 1992, Umbrella sought to bring Raccoon City under its complete control in an extensive campaign of collusion and bribery with officials such as mayor Michael Warren and police chief Brian Irons. It supplied funds toward the renovation of City Hall and built Raccoon General Hospital, seemingly benevolent actions ensuring that the city wouldn't opposte the company. A year later, William Birkin's family were transferred to the city where he continued G-virus development ostensibly as director of the Umbrella Chemical Plant, also serving as the company's contact with Irons. Over the next five years, three out of ten of the city's population became employed by the Umbrella business group.

Also in 1993, an outbreak incident occurred in the private hospital in Raccoon Forest as a result of an experimental oncolytic strain of the t-virus. The hospital received bribes from Umbrella in exchange for conducting clinical human tests with unapproved trial drugs and sending back progress data used in biological weapons development. 24 25 It was covered up by the company using its influence within the police and the hospital was abandoned. That same year, Alfred Ashford graduated from a university in England and was assigned as commander of the Antarctic Base and Rockfort Island. In December, the military training facility on Rockfort Island was established to train the company's private military units.

In 1994, Umbrella scientist John Clemens transferred from the Chicago Laboratory to replace Birkin as chief scientist of the Arklay Laboratory. That same year, a private mansion, bridge and prison complex were constructed on Rockfort Island to the specifications of Alfred Ashford.

In 1996, a mercenary codenamed HUNK began anti-B.O.W. combat training on Rockfort Island. Umbrella became the main corporate sponsor of the major urban project Bright Raccoon 21 to cement its positive corporate image within Raccoon City and wash away doubt and suspicion from its citizens. The funds provided by the company enabled the establishment of the special operations unit S.T.A.R.S. (Special Tactics and Rescue Service) within the local police department.

On May 14, a t-virus administration experiment was conducted with several test subjects including Yoko Suzuki. The subject's bodies would serve as "mothers" providing base cells to observe the virus' effects. However, an accident occurred during the experiment and Suzuki's memory was altered by chief scientist Greg Mueller through hypnosis. 26

Outbreak (1998)

In 1998, a field test of the N•t-virus was conducted on Gadiwall Island under the direction of Mylène Beardsley, seventeenth head of the Beardsley family and Umbrella's youngest executive. However, the interference of former British SAS (Special Air Service) soldier Norse Chirac led to the test's failure. Spencer gave full authority to Administrative Division agent Gilliam to kill Beardlsey and erase the site, but in the process, the enhanced virus was lost. In order to anticipate and meet the diversifying needs of B.O.W. clients, the Arklay Laboratory B.O.W. Research Team conceived the Talos Project based on the success of the Tyrant. 27

In May 1998, ten years after Marcus' assassination, the Queen Leech specimen he was developing just prior to his death managed to revive and gain control and reconstruct his deceased body, inheriting his memories. This clone plotted revenge against the company and global destruction, and to achieve this, contaminated the executive training center and treatment plant with the t-virus and on May 11 caused an accidental leak of the virus within the Arklay Laboratory during injection into the Tyrant (T-002 Type).

The leak led to several bizarre murder cases in Raccoon City which the company struggled to cover up. The Arklay Laboratory was placed on lockdown with no personnel authorized to leave the facility alive while they slowly succumbed to the virus. Umbrella concealed the true nature of the leak from all but a handful of employees and instead of attempting to better understand the incident, forced the researchers to regularly report data. The facility's U.S.S. unit was killed and the remaining researchers committed suicide or succumbed to infection. 28

In June, the leak became too much to contain due to increasing reports of bizarre murders. Spurred by public fear, the local police mobilized S.T.A.R.S. to investigate. Due to this development, the company formulated a plan to acquire B.O.W. combat data with the well-trained S.T.A.R.S. as combatants. Meanwhile, the head office ordered the Reclamation Project to investigate and reclaim the executive training center as a replacement research facility. Two investigation units were sent in, but the first was wiped out by B.O.W.'s infesting the facility. The virus soon began to spread further beyond the training center due to the movements of the Queen Leech. 29

On July 22, William Birkin and Annette Birkin used the underground transport railway beneath Raccoon City and recovered research material from the Arklay Laboratory, including the Tyrant embryo and several t-virus strains. Research and development on these samples, as well as the irregular mutant Plant 42, was transferred to his laboratory beneath Raccoon City. However, the incursion caused the virus to leak into the underground passages connecting the facilities.

On July 23, the second investigation unit was killed on the Ecliptic Express train and members of S.T.A.R.S. Bravo Team began uncovering the company's illicit enterprise. Believing the chain of events in the Arklay Mountains would be the company's end, Wesker set a long-awaited plan in motion to gain a high position in Umbrella's rival company. This plot was intercepted by Sergei Vladimir, but he failed to kill Wesker due to Birkin's detonation of the training center, and afterwards, Wesker regrouped with S.T.A.R.S. Alpha Team and deployed into Raccoon Forest the next day under the pretense of searching for the missing Bravo Team.

On July 24, Wesker collected a large amount of combat data from the encounters between S.T.A.R.S. and the B.O.W.'s while Birkin announced the data to the Chicago branch. At the same time, Sergei Vladimir backed up the research data to the U.M.F.-013 using the RED QUEEN to revoke Wesker's access. Spencer used a dummy company of Umbrella to purchase an abandoned government chemical plant in the Russian Caucasus region and assigned Vladimir as director. The Talos Project was restarted under Vladimir's command as he transported the project's T-011 host to the new Umbrella Caucasus Laboratory.

Wesker faked his death at the hands of the Tyrant (T-002 Type) and released it against S.T.A.R.S. to obtain its combat data, but it was destroyed in the process. He lost his ultimate gift and was forced to escape, but still managed to secure a position in the rival company using the t-virus, embryos and combat data he recovered. The surviving S.T.A.R.S. officers appealed to the police, the media and the government, but no investigation was opened and Umbrella incurred little damage, vowing to inject further funding into the city to stimulate its economy while secretly surveiling the survivors.

With James Marcus dead and Alexia Ashford missing, Birkin gained power and influence as the scientist credited for creating and mass-producing the Hunter and Tyrant. With these successes, the power of the American branch gradually increased, forcing the European branch to bend to its will. Furthermore, Birkin's announcement regarding the next evolution in B.O.W. research, the "Creation of G-Creatures", enabled the Chicago branch to assume dictatorial control over the corporation.

The Umbrella Europe laboratories directly administered by the head office joined forces to create a variety of successful enhancements to existing B.O.W.'s such as the Hunter γ and Nemesis-T Type in an attempt to restrain the American branch's growing influence. Disturbed by this threat, the Chicago branch placed enormous pressure on Birkin to complete the G-virus with constant demands for progress reports, but this only resulted in increasing his displeasure with the corporation. As he grew more and more independent, he feared he would be used as a scapegoat for the leak of sensitive research data in the Mansion Incident as an excuse to eliminate him.

On August 20, the head office instead issued a dismissal notice to Morpheus D. Duvall making him a scapegoat for the Mansion Incident since he was deemed a threat to the company after attracting subordinates and holding visible power as head of the company's waste disposal site in the Atlantic Ocean, where his careless management led to several accidents. 30 The waste disposal site was abandoned by the head office, but unknown to the company, the facility and its staff were taken over by Duvall who began formulating a plan to steal the Progenitor virus and establish a military state in Africa with the intention of using Umbrella as a tool. 31

Raccoon City Destruction Incident (Late 1998)

On September 15, Umbrella discovered Birkin's intention to defect to the American government. Fearing the leak of its top mind and the G-virus, the Chicago branch requested the head office to deploy the U.S.S. to seize the virus. This operation was placed under the command of Christine Henry who negotiated with the French military to keep quiet on the transport of the virus to her laboratory in exchange for making the military preferential customers to future B.O.W.'s. In the event of mission failure, a dispatch order was issued to the U.B.C.S.

On September 20, U.S.S. Alpha and Bravo teams infiltrated Raccoon City. At the same time, U.S. military authorities sent a Delta Force team to rescue Birkin and recover the G-virus. However, Umbrella spies within the government used misinformation to lead the team to the company's waste disposal plant in the city in order to buy extra time for the U.S.S. to reach Birkin. Three days later, while Delta Force ended up in the Waste Incineration Disposal Plant P-12A, the U.S.S. fatally wounded Birkin and stole a case containing samples of the t-virus and G-virus, but he injected himself with a G-virus sample he had on his person and transformed into a "G" creature.

Agents HUNK and Miguel survived the attack by "G" but the samples were destroyed, while samples of the t-virus leaked into the sewers and infected the local rodent and insect populations which fought over territory in the sewers with the Large Roach expelling the rodents, which migrated and contaminated a lake used as the city's water supply. As a result, a large-scale outbreak of the virus occurred within the city that quickly permeated. In response to the seizure operation's failure, Umbrella issued notices of the outbreak to its collaborators within Raccoon City and the federal government.

On September 24, the FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) reported the t-virus leak to the U.S. President, who issued an executive order declaring martial law and blockading Raccoon City with Congressional approval under the pretense of a radioactive waste leak. During the incident, Umbrella cooperated with the government to allow its developmental B.O.W. models into the city and plotted to use the incident as a demonstration of the t-virus' power to its customers and a live field test to gather data on its B.O.W. products and irregular mutants created by secondary infection.

On September 26, the entire 120-man U.B.C.S. was deployed into Raccoon City ostensibly to rescue civilians, but really to serve as combatants for B.O.W. combat data collection. The Chicago branch formed a Directorate of Operations to oversee the incident with key figures in the head office having control over the chain of command. The head office used its monitor agents within the U.B.C.S. to collect intelligence, combat data and treatment data while destroying evidence and conducting other objectives such as assassinating rogue employees. 32

A second U.S.S. squad was deployed into the city by helicopter in a second attempt to recover the G-virus before Delta Force. The European branch deployed the new Nemesis-T Type B.O.W. under the guise of a "combat performance analysis", but the research team's ultimate goal was to hunt down and kill the S.T.A.R.S. officers that destroyed the American-made Tyrant in an attempt to establish Umbrella Europe as the superior branch. Its weapons were planted in the city by company agents.

On September 29, Sergei Vladimir dispatched six mass-produced Tyrants into the city and set out to recover the U.M.F.-013 to ensure the company's survival in the wake of the incident. The first Tyrant was deployed into the police station to track down and seize the G-virus sample hidden in the pendant of Sherry Birkin and eliminate witnesses. The remaining five were deployed to the waste incineration plant to eradicate the Delta Force soldiers attempting to seize the G-virus, leading to mutual destruction while the first Tyrant was destroyed by rookie police officer Leon S. Kennedy.

An enormous amount of data on the threat posed by biological weapons was collected not only by Umbrella, but also by government official Derek C. Simmons, who used the incident as a case study then proposed the military's Sterilization Operation, the use of a top-secret prototype thermobaric warhead to eradicate evidence of the government's involvement with Umbrella. He incited the President and government radicals and pushed the plan to Congress. 33 To delay the operation, Umbrella released surveillance footage to the media showing the U.B.C.S. rescuing civilians. 34

On September 30, the European branch shipped several Hunter γ specimens to the Chicago branch for land transport into the city alongside the American-made Hunter β. The second U.S.S. squad suffered severe casualties with the first squad's surviving agent Miguel also being killed. The second squad's only survivor Rodriguez decided to betray the company and steal Nyx. Attempts to recover Nyx by a U.B.C.S. team under the command of Tommy Neilsen failed, but Neilsen prevented it from being airlifted out of the city. As a result, the company lost Nyx, but surviving U.S.S. first squad agent HUNK successfully recovered the G-virus sample originating from Sherry Birkin's pendant.

On October 1, Congress passed the Sterilization Operation and the company issued an evacuation order to its agents within the city. 35 At dawn, the city was completely eradicated. The results from the incident caused the American branch of Umbrella to rapidly lose power. The U.S. government formed the top-secret Anti-Umbrella Pursuit and Investigation Team, a specialized military unit in USSTRATCOM (United States Strategic Command) comprised of agents with anti-B.O.W. experience tasked with investigating and dismantling the company.

On October 7, Vincent Goldman called together all those in charge of each section of Sheena Island to the church and received the official report on the destruction of Raccoon City from the head office. All those in attendance unanimously agreed that rebels against the company should be dealt with swiftly and harshly. 36
On October 9, a breakout occurred in the Sheena Island prison when "raw materials" (teenagers) acquired firearms, but they were murdered in cold blood by Goldman as he bore a twisted smile. Fearing it would ruin his plan to bring the Hypnos-T Type to the head office and receive a promotion, Goldman murdered the prison guards by slitting their throats. 37
On October 20, Umbrella Headquarters declared that it suspected no wrongdoing in the reported raw material mass-suicide on Sheena Island and would immediately supply replacements. 38 However, even the top-secret experiments conducted by Goldman were well-known to headquarters, and in their bold connivance, they allowed him to continue his research.

In November, Spencer shut down the Umbrella Africa Laboratory and ordered the assassinations of senior Umbrella executives with Level 9 and Level 10 information access privileges in order to conceal location of the laboratory and thus, the Progenitor virus. By concealing the virus' location, he ensured that he could keep it out of the hands of other parties and once again revive Umbrella in another form later once funding was acquired. 39 To replace the lost research facilities, Spencer purchased an abandoned U.S. military installation on Sonido de Tortuga Island in the Caribbean and sent a large number of researchers.

Raccoon Trial (1999-2003)

In February 1999, the American government blamed Umbrella for the incident in Raccoon City and issued a business suspension order against the company, preventing it from operating on U.S. soil. This dealt a crippling blow to its stock prices and the company appealed the decision to the U.S. Supreme Court while Spencer formed the strongest possible legal counsel using his wealth. 40

The defense used perjured witnesses to tilt public opinion toward a government conspiracy and stir up public doubt by selling secrets incriminating the government in pieces to the court and the media. The government opposed and appealed mainly on the testimony of Raccoon City survivors, but all evidence was erased due to the Sterilization Operation. Since several government officials at the time also refused to testify for fear of their own crimes, the trial merely progressed slowly. Umbrella subsequently entered a state of collapse due to declining sales and prepared plans for a revival. 41

Due to Umbrella's outsourcing of development used to create biological weapons to other unwitting pharmaceutical companies, the entire industry suffered a severe hit to public relations and several companies were added as defendants in the lawsuits against Umbrella due to their unknowing involvement. Even if declared not guilty, the trial's deterioration of their public image would have a massive influence on not only sales, but also the authorizations of governments around the world. For the pharmaceutical industry, lack of approval for the drugs they develop was a death sentence. 42

The federation's member companies approached the prosecution with a plea-bargain offering to fully cooperate in resolving the case and gladly providing trade secrets to corner Umbrella. This was favorably accepted by the prosecution burning with passion for Umbrella's annihilation, and they scrapped the prosecution of the federation's companies. Due to Umbrella's recovery of the U.M.F.-013 from Raccoon City, the company was in a position to revive itself and continue where it left off, but still required funding. Since the suspension order against the American branch, research and development of biological weapons was conducted by dummy companies and branches outside of the U.S. The Caucasus Laboratory was used as a mass-production plant. making it possible for Umbrella to supply the entire world with biological weapons using transport ships. Meanwhile, developmental B.O.W.'s and virus antibodies were cryogenically stored in "hangars" set up by Umbrella in remote regions around the world for future use when the company was restored.

In 2000, Alex Wesker traveled to Sushestvovanje Island in the Baltic Sea with financies siphoned from Spencer. She praised the island as the perfect land she'd been searching for, claiming it was geographically and climatically suited to the study of new medicines, purchasing land on the island and organizing construction of a large laboratory ostensibly for pharmaceutical production, creating well-paid and long-lasting employment to any residents lending a hand. However, the facility's true purpose was virus research and development.

In 2002, Spencer plotted to revive Umbrella with funds gained from a secret bioweapons auction aboard the Spencer Rain cruise ship with several high-value customers from around the world. However, former employee Morpheus D. Duvall attacked the Umbrella Development Laboratory Paris Branch and stole three samples of the t-virus, then seajacked the cruise ship and leaked the virus. As a result of this bioterrorism incident, Umbrella lost many customers and valuable samples, including the t+G-virus.

In February 2003, Umbrella's rival company discovered the Caucasus Laboratory's location after a leak of the t-virus occurred in a remote Caucasus village housing a . This information was leaked by Albert Wesker to the Russian government, which hesitated to use the national army and hired the Private Anti-Biohazard Service led by Chris Redfield and Jill Valentine to raid the location and leave no trace of the government's involvement. On February 13, the raid was conducted and Wesker used the unit as a distraction to kill Sergei Vladimir and steal the Umbrella Archive, erasing the original data in the process.

In a deal with the U.S. government, Wesker provided incriminating data from the Umbrella Archive to the prosecution as key evidence in the Supreme Court case against Umbrella. The company was immediately declared guilty of all charges related to the Raccoon City incident, but the evidence was never publicized. Spencer disappeared to evade responsibility and went into hiding, pursued by the FBI and Russian MVD (Ministry of Internal Affairs). 43 Umbrella's rival company rose as the leader in the B.O.W. market, but Wesker also gave the t-virus and t-Veronica to Excella Gionne of TRICELL Inc., securing himself a position. 44

On March 4, Umbrella Pharmaceuticals announced it was virtually bankrupt and expected the company headquarters to soon be placed in receivership. 45 The employees of Umbrella Japan Co., Ltd united and pushed the remaining business toward profitability, but Umbrella's lost lawsuits made continuing operations difficult. The Japanese subsidiary looked for a target buyer to transfer the business to, but this effort failed as no domestic and foreign pharmaceutical companies or enterprises pursuing a different business showed interest.

Remnants (2004-2017)

On March 10, 2004, the Umbrella Japan Board of Directors decided to dissolve the last remaining vestige of Umbrella vanished from the world. 46 As news of Umbrella's demise spread, former researchers leaked B.O.W. development technology secretly studied by Umbrella into illegal channels. As a result, many acts of destruction involving B.O.W. and virus use were carried out by rogue nations, organized crime and terrorist organizations around the world, particularly in regional conflicts. 47

In 2007, the Umbrella Africa Laboratory was discovered by TRICELL after interrogating former senior Umbrella executive Carlos M. After he was eliminated, the facility was renovated and repurposed to develop the Uroboros virus. Two years later, Albert Wesker was killed by the BSAA and TRICELL was prosecuted for the bioterrorism incident in Kijuju, Africa. Afterwards, va bioterrorism attack was perpetrated on TRICELL HQ by a rival company using the B.O.W. Cerberus, with biological weapons development data stolen in the attack.

In 2011, Alex Wesker resurfaced on Sushestvovanje Island with the t-Phobos virus, a variant of the t-virus that responded to adrenaline and noradrenaline. She was killed by Barry Burton but succeeded in replicating her mind and memories within the child survivor Natalia Korda, who was adopted by the Burtons upon rescue. The RED QUEEN α she engineered as a battle simulator meanwhile continued the Gregor Project she advanced, with an unknown purpose. The former Umbrella researchers who followed her all died in a ritual suicide perpetrated by her closest assistant, Stuart.

In 2014, a virus leak occurred on Sonido de Tortuga Island. Claire Redfield investigated a grotesque barracuda fish caught by local fishermen off the coast of the neighboring Zanahoria Island while fellow TerraSave member Inez Diaco investigated Sonido de Tortuga Island. While reading a book on the history of the sland, Redfield discovered its connection to Oswell E. Spencer and deduced that the island housed a laboratory where B.O.W. research was still being conducted. She discovered that the laboratory was where Spencer sent Alex Wesker to develop a virus for immortality, meanwhile spies Julie and Mike D. Seaman were sent with the Japanese-American "Survival Idol" television show by Shen Ya Pharmaceutical, a Chinese pharmaceutical company, with orders to steal the Kodoku Project instigated by Wesker. Shen Ya's spies and mercenaries were killed in the incident and the Kodoku virus was lost.

Umbrella Corporation

Umbrella Pharmaceuticals

Umbrella Europe

Umbrella U.S.A.

Umbrella Japan Co., Ltd

Umbrella Industries

Umbrella Medical Equipment


Paraguas Lines


  1. 1. Umbrella Corporation Notes
  2. 2. Chief Scientist Brandon's Diary 1
  3. 3. About Umbrella's Founding
  4. 4. Trevor's Notes - Trevor's Note (3)
  5. 5. BIO HAZARD The Wicked North Sea (Page 165)
  6. 6. Chief Scientist Brandon's Diary 2
  7. 7. Alexander's Memoir
  8. 8. CODE:Veronica Report
  9. 9. Marcus' Diary 1
  10. 10. Report On B.O.W.
  11. 11. Wesker's Report II - July 31, 1978
  12. 12. Photo Analysis Acquisition Route Unknown
  13. 13. Wesker's Report II - July 27, 1981
  14. 14. Alfred's Diary
  15. 15. NEWS Regarding the Bankruptcy of UMBRELLA
  16. 16. The Queen Zenobia and its History
  17. 17. Research Background on the Progenitor Virus
  18. 18. Observation Record
  19. 19. Umbrella Magnum Revolver Development Story
  20. 20. Job Offer Information!
  21. 21. BIOHAZARD 3 LAST ESCAPE Official Guidebook - Complete Conquest of Nemesis (Page 350)
  22. 22. U.M.F.-013
  23. 23. RED QUEEN
  24. 24. Doctor's Written Accusation
  25. 25. Kurt's Notebook
  26. 26. Subject List
  27. 27. Talos Project
  28. 28. FAX
  29. 29. Training Center Reclamation Project
  30. 30. Notice of Dismissal
  31. 31. Architect's Memo
  32. 32. Orders to a Monitor
  33. 33. Simmons and the Sterilization Operation
  34. 34. Yasuhisa Kawamura Interview (Project Umbrella)
  35. 35. FAX from the Directorate of Operations
  36. 36. Church Manager's Diary
  37. 37. Commander Vincent's Diary
  38. 38. Prison Warden's Diary
  39. 39. Spencer's Notebook
  40. 40. Umbrella, Raccoon Trial
  41. 41. Wesker's Extra Report
  42. 42. No. 02 BSAA
  43. 43. Anti-Umbrella Activist Net Interview
  45. 45. Baker Correspondence FAX (UMBRELLA)
  46. 46. Copy ~ UMBRELLA Site
  47. 47. BSAA File